Install the SharePoint Binaries (SharePoint 2010)
After you have installed the SharePoint prerequisites and gathered the information that you will be required to provide during installation, you can
proceed to install the SharePoint binaries. Run Setup.exe on the SharePoint Server 2010 installation media. A wizard guides you through installation,
during which program files are installed, components are registered, security settings are applied, and services are configured but not enabled.
To install SharePoint binaries, perform the following steps:
Log on as the setup user account—for example, SP_Admin.
- Start the SharePoint Server 2010 Start Page (default.hta).
- Click Install SharePoint Server.
As an alternative to Steps 2 and 3, run Setup.exe.
Installation requires administrative credentials, so the User Account Control dialog box opens.
- Click Yes.
- On the Enter Your Product Key page, enter your product key or a trial key.
You can change the key after installation from the System Settings page of Central Administration.
- On the Read The Microsoft Software License Terms page, select the I Accept The Terms Of The Agreement check box.
- On the Choose The Installation You Want page, click Server Farm.
Important: Use the correct installation type
It is recommended that you use the Server Farm installation.
The Standalone installation fully installs and configures SharePoint Server 2010 with all defaults, including the installation of SQL Server 2008 Express
as the database server on the same server. The result is a standalone, single-server farm with all roles on one server. Standalone installation is not
supported on a server that is a domain controller because SQL Server Express cannot be installed on a domain controller.
It is not possible to add servers to a farm that was installed with the Standalone installation. Therefore, it is recommended that you use Standalone only
for the most simple testing or development environments.
In all other scenarios, you should use the Server Farm installation option. A farm can be one server, but with a Server Farm installation, you have the
option to, later, add servers to the farm and move roles to other servers in the farm. Before you can perform a Server Farm installation you must
have already installed SQL Server on the same server or on another server.
If you select a Server Farm installation, you can specify the location of the SharePoint binaries and the SharePoint Root (formerly known as the 12 Hive
and now known as the 14 Hive) on the File Location tab.
On the Server Type tab, select Complete.
The Stand-alone option presented on this page of the installation wizard creates a single-server farm with all components and roles. It is not possible to
add another server to a farm that was installed with the Stand-alone option. This option is identical to the Standalone installation option discussed in an
At the end of the installation phase, the setup wizard offers you the chance to proceed to the configuration phase.
On the Run Configuration Wizard page, clear the Run The SharePoint Products Configuration Wizard Now check box.
- Click Close.
The result is a SharePoint Server that is ready to add to a farm. However, the server is not yet functioning as an active server in your farm.